27 Sep Mobile Application Distribution Agreement (Mada)
This agreement is also voluntary. There`s nothing that requires an OEM to sign it, but it puts them in a drawer a bit. It is a proposal “with us or against us”. An OEM might do their own thing, but they`re probably better served if they agree to use Google`s apps and storefront. The Mobile Application Distribution Agreement (MADA) is an agreement that applies to phone and tablet manufacturers who want to use Android apps like YouTube or Gmail. Among other things, MADA requires phone manufacturers who want one of Google`s apps to install everyone. Google markets proprietary apps for its open source Android Mobile Operating System (OS) for free. Some of these applications (applications) are offered together as a suite of applications known as Google Mobile Services (GMS). Mobile device manufacturers may agree to install the app suite on their devices at a zero price, in accordance with Google`s Mobile App Distribution Agreement (MADA). Some theorize that Google`s policy of offering certain apps together as a set of apps harms its competitors or endangers consumer welfare. In April 2015, the European Commission raised these concerns when it opened a formal anti-dominant investigation that will examine Google`s licensing practices with respect to Android, mobile apps and mobile services.
In April 2014, similar charges were brought against Google in a cartel and abuse of dominance class action filed against Google by individual mobile device owners in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. However, the theory that MADA requirements have anti-competitive effects is flawed. For economic reasons, Google`s practice of distributing free mobile apps in the GMS suite benefits consumers (as well as manufacturers, mobile operators, app developers, and advertisers) by stimulating demand, reducing the risk of Android OS fragmentation, and preventing Google`s competitors from moving freely with their investments so that the Androi operating system d and mobile apps are becoming a viable open source competitor for g eschlossen and proprietary – “walled garden” – to make platforms for mobile devices….